NU GUO- IM NAMEN DER MUTTER
Sondervorführung mit Filmgespräch am 17.3. um 11 Uhr
Zu Gast: Franzcesca Rosati Freeman und Pio D’Emilia
The Mosuo are an ethnic minority of about 40,000 people. They live in various villages around Lugu Lake, at an altitude of around 2,700 metres, straddling two regions, Yunnan and Sechuan, in south-west China. They are not sufficiently numerous to enjoy an autonomous status and for this reason are considered to be a branch of the Naxi, a more numerous ethnic minority 400,000 strong that appears to share common roots with the Mosuo. Both originated in Tibet, but the Mosuo society, owing to its isolation, maintained its matriarchal structure intact, whilst the Naxi, influenced by successive imperial dynasties, passed from a matriarchal to a patriarchal type of structure.
Theirs is an egalitarian society of a matrilineal type. It is the eldest woman, the dabu, who guides the family, and all of its descendants carry the maternal surname. This family system knows neither marriage nor concubinage. The woman has her room (the flower room) where at night she may entertain a partner in privacy. There is no legal recognition of paternity. The father may have an emotional attachment to his children without however exercising direct control over them or having any material obligations towards them. The “paternal” role is played by the maternal uncle. This socio-familial order, combined with the practice of consensus, excludes any form of violence, either domestic or “social”. Sexual violence, rape, and above all femicide are unknown. This sends a strong and clear message about the existence of “different” models of society where the absence of a "traditional" family, rather than being a symbol of social decomposition, represents instead an example of harmonious coexistence devoid of any kind of discrimination and a challenge to the patriarchal family's claim to universality.